The main objectives of organic farming are:
- Transforming companies into a self-sufficient agricultural system drawing on local resources.
- Safeguarding natural soil fertility.
- Avoid all forms of pollution caused by farming techniques.
- Produce high-quality nutritional foods in sufficient quantity.
In organic practices the following agronomic aspects are key: soil fertility is preserved through the use of organic fertilizers, crop rotations and green manure use, processes are carried out keeping and/or improving soil structure and organic matter percentage; the fight against plant adversities is allowed with vegetable and mineral preparations not created via chemical synthesis and there is great focus on biological control. Animals are bred using techniques that respect their welfare; they are fed on plant products obtained according to the principles of organic agriculture. Forceful growing techniques and industrial farm management practices are avoided, whereas for the treatment of any disease, homeopathic and herbal remedies are used, limiting allopathic medicine to the uses described in the regulation.
Under EU Reg. no. 834/2007, before placing products on the market describing them as organic or converting-to-organic, any operator who produces, prepares, stores or imports from a third country under article 1, paragraph 2, or places those products on the market:
- shall notify the competent authorities of the Member State where the activity is carried out;
- shall register their company in the inspection system pursuant to article 27./li>
Operators must produce appropriate documentation indicating compliance with the requirements as provided for by sector legislation, adjust their structures and procedures for the proper management of raw materials and biological products, and achieve compliance requirements through a nationally-recognised inspection body.
The ALMATER method includes qualified assistance by professionals to accompany companies towards an adjustment with no surprises:
- Drafting documentation as requested by the inspection body;
- Preparation of organic product management procedures as an additional self-monitoring plan;
- Training of staff and managers on the management of biological product;
- Assistance during checks performed by the inspection body.